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Muhammad Ali Jinnah


Name: Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Title/NickName: Quaid-e-azam, Baba-e-Qaum ( Father of the Nation)

Nationality: Pakistani

Born City:       Karachi

Birth Date: 25 December 1876

Profession: Lawyer, Politician

Religion:  Islam

College/University: University of Bombay,Lincoln’s Inn, Sindh Madrasatul-Islam

Died on: September 11, 1948  ( Tuberculosis )

Father’s Name : Poonja Jinnah

Mother’s Name : MithiBai

Brothers : Ammad Ali, Bunde Ali, Rahmet Ali

Sisters : Maryam, Fatima , Shireen

Wife : Ratanbai (Ratti)

Children : Dina Jinnah

Interesting Facts About Quaid-e-Azam:

Star Barrister

At the age of 20 Jinnah was the only Muslim Barrister in the city of Bombay and also the youngest Indian at that time to be called to the bar in England.

Governor-General of Pakistan

Jinnah at his time was one of the top earning barristers in Bombay city, making around 1,500 Rupees a day .Nevertheless, concerned about the crisis of lack of resources young Pakistan was facing, Jinnah refused to accept a high salary and fixed it at 1 rupee per month

Muhammad Ali Jinnah Jinnah As Lawyer

Jinnah moved to London in 1892 and studied Law in Lincoln’s and then in 1896 he started Law practicing in Mumbai High Court  after he received an invitation from the Advocate General of Bombay, to work from his chambers and Appeared as a Very Successful Lawyer. In 1900 Muhammad Ali Jinnah rejected the position of mumbay magistrate as he want to fly higher and higher. Muhammad Ali Jinnah practiced in all sort of courts.Because of his experience a top English leader in india give him his case and jinnah won this case.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah As Politician

Jinnah had interest in politics during his studies in England and after returning to Mumbai Muhammad Ali Jinnah started to attend meetings of Indian National Congress but he officially joined Congress in 1906.  Four years later he was elected to the Imperial Legislative Council. So in that time he became the well known politician in the sub continent after a successful lawyer. Jinnah strongly opposed the discriminatory behavior with Muslims and on these bases he decided to join Muslim League in 1913 and became the president of Musim League in 1916.Jinnah headed the 1916 Lukhnow pact between congress and Muslim League. Jinnah tried to unite Hindu Muslims but he was also against the boycott of British products.

In 1928 Nehru Report published in which Nehru criticized Muslims and Jinnah opposed the report and suggest some amendments that were rejected . So in 1929 Jinnah presented his famous fourteen points. Then in 1940 Muslim League held its annual session at Lahore in which jinnah demanded separate country for the Muslims and its came into existence on 14 August 1947 as Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

More Readings:

  1. Stanley Wolpert. (1984,1997) .Jinnah of Pakistan Brooklyn  : pp 421 Publisher oup
  2. Hector Bolitho(1954) Jinnah Creator of Pakistan   Auckland : pp 230  Publisher oup



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