Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Name: Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Title/NickName: Quaid-e-azam, Baba-e-Qaum ( Father of the Nation)
Born City: Karachi
Birth Date: 25 December 1876
Profession: Lawyer, Politician
College/University: University of Bombay,Lincoln’s Inn, Sindh Madrasatul-Islam
Died on: September 11, 1948 ( Tuberculosis )
Father’s Name : Poonja Jinnah
Mother’s Name : MithiBai
Brothers : Ammad Ali, Bunde Ali, Rahmet Ali
Sisters : Maryam, Fatima , Shireen
Wife : Ratanbai (Ratti)
Children : Dina Jinnah
Interesting Facts About Quaid-e-Azam:
At the age of 20 Jinnah was the only Muslim Barrister in the city of Bombay and also the youngest Indian at that time to be called to the bar in England.
Jinnah at his time was one of the top earning barristers in Bombay city, making around 1,500 Rupees a day .Nevertheless, concerned about the crisis of lack of resources young Pakistan was facing, Jinnah refused to accept a high salary and fixed it at 1 rupee per month
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Jinnah As Lawyer
Jinnah moved to London in 1892 and studied Law in Lincoln’s and then in 1896 he started Law practicing in Mumbai High Court after he received an invitation from the Advocate General of Bombay, to work from his chambers and Appeared as a Very Successful Lawyer. In 1900 Muhammad Ali Jinnah rejected the position of mumbay magistrate as he want to fly higher and higher. Muhammad Ali Jinnah practiced in all sort of courts.Because of his experience a top English leader in india give him his case and jinnah won this case.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah As Politician
Jinnah had interest in politics during his studies in England and after returning to Mumbai Muhammad Ali Jinnah started to attend meetings of Indian National Congress but he officially joined Congress in 1906. Four years later he was elected to the Imperial Legislative Council. So in that time he became the well known politician in the sub continent after a successful lawyer. Jinnah strongly opposed the discriminatory behavior with Muslims and on these bases he decided to join Muslim League in 1913 and became the president of Musim League in 1916.Jinnah headed the 1916 Lukhnow pact between congress and Muslim League. Jinnah tried to unite Hindu Muslims but he was also against the boycott of British products.
In 1928 Nehru Report published in which Nehru criticized Muslims and Jinnah opposed the report and suggest some amendments that were rejected . So in 1929 Jinnah presented his famous fourteen points. Then in 1940 Muslim League held its annual session at Lahore in which jinnah demanded separate country for the Muslims and its came into existence on 14 August 1947 as Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
- Stanley Wolpert. (1984,1997) .Jinnah of Pakistan Brooklyn : pp 421 Publisher oup
- Hector Bolitho(1954) Jinnah Creator of Pakistan Auckland : pp 230 Publisher oup